Issue 59: Community forestry
Locally Based Monitoring and Forest Certification
All recognized forest certification bodies have specific biodiversity conservation standards; certification is expected to contribute to biodiversity conservation. For example, the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification Schemes (PEFC) has a requirement in its criteria and indicators that the impact of [timber] harvesting on biodiversity be minimized. Adapting management practices to certification standards is only half the story, however. Standards must also require managers to regularly monitor and act on the socio-environmental state of their forest. This essentially checks on the status of the forest under certification. For instance, Forest Stewardship Council principle 8 requires appropriate monitoring of the condition of the forest, management activities and their social and environmental impacts.